Citation : Carlo Pappone, Vincenzo Santinelli
Currently, post-ablation Atrial Tachycardias (ATs) represent a growing clinical problem particularly in patients with persistent AF undergoing a more extensive substrate ablation. Understanding mechanisms and location of potentially widely located arrhythmogenic substrates in the left atrium is crucial for successful ablation. Mapping and ablation are challenging since complex and multiple ATs may frequently develop during the index procedure and before conversion to sinus rhythm. Use of irrigated ablation guided by detailed 3-D electroanatomic activation maps combined with entrainment pacing is effective with excellent acute and long-term success rates, rarely requiring multiple procedures.